Craig Payne

woltmans sign

What is Woltman’s Sign?

Woltman’s sign is a delay in the return to normal after eliciting the Achilles deep tendon reflex. The delay is commonly seen in those with hypothyroidism and returns to normal when therapy is started.

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what causes hallux rigidu

What causes hallux rigidus?

Hallux rigidus is an increasing stiffness of the big toe (hallux) joint in the foot to the point where the joint becomes rigid. The cause of this stiffness or rigidity is almost always osteoarthritis. The osteoarthritis can develop for one of two...

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what is hallux rigidus

What is hallux rigidus?

Hallux rigidus is a condition in which the big toe (‘hallux’) joint is stiff (‘rigidus’). There are somewhat slightly different terminologies at play here. Some people use the term ‘hallux rigidus’ to mean that...

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